PearlFection Patient Resources
Online Dental Education Library
The team of dental specialists and staff at PearlFection Dentistry in Frederick, MD, strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your teeth and gums. Please use our dental library to learn more about dental problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, contact us.
Also, we like to provide interesting and helpful links to other resources we think our patients might value. Below you will find a short description and a link to external dental related information that the doctors would like our patients to have access to:
- Article on Probiotics and Oral Health:
Article on Oral Health and Cardiovascular Disease: /docs/Perio_heart and periodontal disease-1.pdf
This research article should be read by every endurance athlete, like runners, swimmers and bikers. For those of you who engage in endurance sports, proper hygiene is extremely important due to the chemical makeup of your saliva. View Article
We have long known that Probiotics are an important part of good oral health. Here is another article supporting that research. Please let me know when it is done. I want to post to Facebook. View Article
Executive summary of evidence-based clinical recommendations for the use of pit-and-fissure sealants: A report of the American Dental Association Council on Scientific Affairs. View Article
Article on Sealants use and their effectiveness in preventing cavities in children - Pit and Fissure Sealants in the Prevention of Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents. View Article
Antibiotics are widely prescribed to control bacterial infections. Sometimes they are given before a medical or dental procedure, to prevent a possible infection from occurring; this practice is called "antibiotic prophylaxis." In the recent past, physicians and dentists advised that people with certain medical conditions - including a number of heart problems and several types of bone or joint replacements - should always take antibiotics before many routine dental procedures. Today, their advice may be different.
A growing body of evidence now indicates that far fewer patients need to take this preventive step than was previously thought. As a result, the guidelines for prescribing antibiotic prophylaxis have recently changed - and they may do so again in the future. Why are the recommendations changing - and what do you need to know about taking antibiotics before coming to the dental office?
The Risk of Infection
We all know that bacteria - both helpful and harmful types - thrive in many parts of the body, including the mouth. Whenever circumstances make it possible for these microorganisms to enter the bloodstream, there's a slight risk that a bacterial infection may develop. This could occur in many dental procedures - and it could also occur during routine activities like chewing, brushing and flossing. In most cases, the risk is so small that the chance of a having bad reaction to antibiotics (while rare) is far greater than the chance of developing an infection; therefore, antibiotics aren't routinely used.
Some people, however, need to take extra precautions before having dental procedures. If you have been treated for some types of heart disease, or have had certain orthopedic procedures (including total joint replacement), we may advise taking antibiotics to protect against even a remote chance of infection. Recommendations are made on an individual basis, taking into account your medical history and a clinician's healthcare experience.
Guidelines for Antibiotic Premedication
Prophylactic antibiotics might be recommended before dental procedures if you have one or more of the following heart conditions:
- A heart transplant
- Artificial heart valves
- A history of infective endocarditis
- Some types of congenital heart problems - particularly if they haven't been completely repaired, or if their treatment involves prosthetic material
If you have undergone a joint replacement procedure, prophylactic antibiotics might be recommended if you also have one or more of the following risk factors:
- A systemic inflammatory disease such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus erythematosis
- A weakened immune system resulting from HIV, cancer, radiation or chemotherapy, or another cause
- Insulin-dependent (type I) diabetes or hemophilia
- A history of previous infection in a prosthetic joint
- Undernourishment or malnourishment
There are other circumstances where taking prophylactic antibiotics would be a prudent step; there are also a number of situations where these medications might have been recommended in the past, but aren't currently required in all cases. For example, the presence of a benign heart murmur, a pacemaker or defibrillator, and certain heart diseases or congenital defects don't automatically mean that antibiotic prophylaxis will be needed.
In recent years, reports of drug-resistant bacteria and harmful side effects from some medications have increased public awareness of the consequences of overusing antibiotics. Fortunately, new scientific research is helping healthcare professionals make better, evidence-based treatment decisions on antibiotic use. If you have questions about whether you should take antibiotics before dental procedure, don't hesitate to ask.
Premedication for Dental Treatment If you have had a total joint replacement in the past, you may be advised to take antibiotics before have dental work. That's because certain preexisting health conditions may make you more susceptible to infection during a dental procedure. Find out what the risk factors are... Read Article